Vietnam Issues National Plan to Manage Natural Forests

The Vietnamese Government has approved a new national plan to closely manage natural forests, and gradually deal with forest and land degradation by 2025, implementing the Glasgow Leaders’ Declaration on Forests and Land Use.

The declaration was launched at the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26) in November 2021. A total of 143 nations signed the declaration, accounting for over 90% of the world’s forests. This effort aimed to “halt and reverse forest loss and land degradation by 2030 while delivering sustainable development and promoting inclusive rural transformation.”

Vietnam’s national plan by 2030, is intended to realise goals of sustainable agricultural and rural development, greenhouse gas emission reduction, climate change response, biodiversity conservation, sustainable forest management, and transition to a green economy and a circular economy.

Under the plan, the area of downgraded natural forests restored and upgraded is set at 10% by 2025, and 20% by 2030. Meanwhile, the area certified for sustainable forest management is expected to reach 0.5 million hectares by 2025, and 1 million hectares by 2030.

According to the Vietnam News Agency, the new national plan will calibrate mechanisms and policies to promote sustainability in agro-forestry production and consumption and raise the resilience of forest land to climate change.

In addition, the plan aims to advance rural livelihoods by empowering the community, consolidating the land management system, and improving the multi-purpose management of forests.

The plan also aims to promote the use of public-private partnerships in agro-forestry production, and sustainable forest management, and support local residents, especially ethnic minority groups.