Japanese Government Selects Sites for Carbon Capture, Storage

Japan’s Economy, Trade and Industry Ministry has selected seven sites in Japan and overseas for model projects to commercialise carbon capture and storage (CCS)

According to a report in the Yomiuri Shimbun, five of the seven selected sites are in Japan. They are located off the coast of Kyushu, where a joint project is planned by ENEOS Corp and the Electric Power Development Co; off the coast of Hokkaido, where a project is under consideration by Idemitsu Kosan: and in Tohoku, Niigata and the Tokyo metropolitan area.

The two international sites are off the Malaysian coast and in the Oceania region. All projects are led by Japanese companies and aim to capture CO2 from thermal power plants and oil refineries and transport it by ship or pipeline for storage.

Last year Japanese trading house Mitsui & Co signed a memorandum of understanding with the Malaysian state oil and gas company Petronas to study the possibility of storing industrial carbon dioxide emissions off the Southeast Asian country’s coast.

The Japanese government has set a goal of storing 6-12 million tons of CO2 underground annually by 2030. If the seven sites become operational, approximately 13 million tons of CO2, equivalent to more than 1% of Japan’s annual CO2 emissions, will likely be stored in fiscal 2030.

The country has also set a goal of being carbon neutral by 2050, which means virtually zero CO2 emissions. According to calculations by the ministry, in order to achieve the target, a storage capacity of around 120-240 million tons per year will be required.