Indonesia Targets Expansion of Marine Conservation Areas to 30% by 2045

Indonesia’s maritime affairs and fisheries minister Sakti Wahyu Trenggono has confirmed the Indonesian government’s pledge to meet its target of expanding marine conservation areas to 30% of the Indonesian waters by 2045.

The minister verified that currently marine conservation areas cover 28.9 million hectares of waters, or equivalent to 8.7% of the total area of Indonesian waters that span 6.4 million square kilometres and affirmed that the areas play a critical role in ensuring the sustainability of the country’s fishery resources.

“Marine protection areas are conservation zones. We are aiming to expand such zones to 30% of the Indonesian territorial waters by the year 2045. Conservation areas are of the essence in ensuring sustainability, considering that these zones serve as natural spawning places for fish. Hence, no fishing and commercial vessels should pass through such areas,” he said.

In addition to fish spawning spots, the minister highlighted that marine conservation areas provide a fivefold higher capacity in absorbing carbon emissions as compared to land areas.

According to a report from Indonesian news agency Antara, Trenggono also highlighted that Indonesian marine conservation areas store enormous potentials, such as 58 thousand hectares of seagrass meadow, 1.2 million hectares of coral reefs, 211 thousand hectares of mangrove, and 30% of the country’s main fish spawning spots.